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## Creating a List of Links and Backlinks

6th June 2021 at 9:39am

Let's put everything we've learned so far about customizing TiddlyWiki together by building a useful and commonly requested tool. Several plugins offer prefabricated versions of the tool we're about to discuss, which you might or might not prefer to building your own, but creating our own will be educational at the least.

We know we can get at the backlinks of a tiddler by looking at the info section of a tiddler. In many types of wikis, however, it's convenient to have the backlinks much more obvious. Let's build some custom functionality to show all of the backlinks at the bottom of each tiddler without having to click on anything. While we're at it, let's summarize the forward links in the tiddler here, too: at the bottom of the tiddler, we'll have two columns, the left column showing all the forward links and the right column showing all the backward links. (You may notice that this is strikingly like the “related topics” view you can find in the footer of any section in this book – so no cheating by looking there!)

Most of this section will be presented as a series of exercises: you'll be given a small incremental step in the implementation to try on your own, and in the answer I will show one possible way to do it. At that point, you're free to either change your implementation to match the answer or attempt to continue with your own version.

## Building the logic

Create a tiddler called $:/yourname/TiddlerLinkSummary. Make this tiddler display a simple bulleted list of all backlinks of the current tiddler. (Since we will need to make this more complex momentarily, use a $list widget, not a list-links macro.) Then make this content included at the bottom of every tiddler.

Edit $:/yourname/TiddlerLinkSummary to show a list of the forward links as well. We don't want the wikitext to get too repetitive, so create a macro to hold the bits that are the same in both. go to answer Exercise: (m) [Ex:LinkedTiddlerExcerpt] Add an excerpt for each link – in other words, grab the first 200 characters of each tiddler and show it under the title. This will help us remind us what the tiddler is about, if the title wasn't chosen carefully enough. We can accomplish this by wikifying the tiddler – that is, processing the HTML, transclusions, and wikitext in it as if we were displaying the tiddler – and then taking just the beginning portion of it. Here's a partially completed macro you can use to get an excerpt from a tiddler. Your task is to figure out what goes in the filter transclusion (to convert the full text of the tiddler to just its first 200 characters), then call the macro from an appropriate location. \define excerptify(title) <$wikify name=wikitext text={{$title$}}>
<$text text={{{ ??? }}} />... </$wikify>
\end

Hint: The split[] filter operator with nothing in the square brackets can be used to split incoming text into individual characters. You may need to review the filter operators documentation.

Let's do a bit of formatting now. It probably will look better if the excerpt starts on a new line after the title, especially once we get this into two columns. An easy way to do that in HTML is to place the excerpt macro call in a <div> tag (short for division), which is a generic way to group content together, so go ahead and do that and check that it works.

In addition, let's wrap the Links and Backlinks sections, including the titles, each in a div (you can do this within the macro). We'll need to have them in separate divs to get them to appear in two columns.

Lastly, wrap the whole thing (both the Links and Backlinks sections) in one more div.

Aside from the excerpts appearing on separate lines from the tiddler titles, you should not see any difference in output yet – we've merely made it possible to style with CSS.

One more step with the divs. In order to get them formatted correctly, we need to be able to identify each of them separately. The way we do this in HTML/CSS is by applying a class (that is, assigning a value to the class attribute of the HTML tag). Adjust the wikitext so that each div has a class. It's a good idea to prefix the class names with your initials and a -, or some similar convention – this will ensure that you don't inadvertently pick the same class name that TiddlyWiki's core or a plugin does and mess up the formatting somewhere else on the page.

## Improving the formatting

Custom formatting can be added to tiddlers using a stylesheet. Stylesheets are written in the CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) language, an extremely powerful if slightly obtuse formatting language that controls the display of every web page you've ever looked at. You can either put a stylesheet in an individual tiddler within <style> tags (this is called an inline stylesheet) or make it global to the wiki. See Stylesheets if you know a little CSS and want more details on the options TiddlyWiki provides here.

Teaching you CSS is outside the scope of this book – and I'm no expert myself anyway – so I'm just going to give you a stylesheet to use with this exercise. If you're interested in learning more, there are a wide variety of resources on the Internet.

<style>
border: 1px dashed white;
overflow: auto;
}
div.sib-link-display div ul {
list-style-type: none;
}
div.sib-link-display div ul div.sib-excerpt {
color: <<colour muted-foreground>>;
}
width: 50%;
float: left;
}
width: 50%;
float: right;
}
</style>

If you named the classes you put on your divs something different than I did, you'll need to replace the names in the part before each opening { (this part is called the CSS selector). Otherwise, just paste this at the bottom of the tiddler and save it, and your links should suddenly look much prettier.

## Final tweaks

Exercise: (m) [Ex:ExcerptConfigurationTiddler]

Make the size of the excerpt configurable via a configuration tiddler. Call the configuration tiddler \$:/config/LinkExcerptLength.

In the stylesheet I provided, you may have noticed there is a macro call: <<colour muted-foreground>>. This macro is used to retrieve a color from the palette. The benefit is that if you change the palette of your wiki, the color of the excerpt text will change to something appropriate as well.
Find the definition of the colour macro and figure out how the CSS color value (it'll be a # and six numbers and letters) is retrieved.